Factors Affecting Peripheral Arterial Disease in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patient
Keywords:Peripheral Arterial Disease (PAD), Diabetes Mellitus Type 2
One of the complications of Diabetes Mellitus is that the leg pulse is not palpable due to interference with blood flow to the leg (Peripheral Arterial Disease (PAD)). Factors that affect PAD are age (over 50 years of age are at risk of PAD), hypertension (can cause arteries to dilate and cause endothelial injury), physical activity (lack of physical activity causes endothelial dysfunction,), duration of DM and diet. Based on a preliminary study at Pekanbaru Hospital, it was obtained from 5 patients, 80% were> 50 years old, 100% had diabetes> 5 years, 60% had hypertension, 80% had uncontrolled diet, 60% rarely did physical activity. The research objective was to determine the factors that influence PAD in clients with type 2 DM. This study was a quantitative study with a cross sectional design. The sample was 30 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. The sampling technique was accidental sampling. The research analysis was univariate and bivariate using the chi-square. Through the study, it was found that the age of PAD patients was adults (63.3%), DM> 5 years (63.3%), hypertension (83.3%), uncontrolled blood sugar (66.7%), uncontrolled diet (60%) and not doing physical activity (46.7%). Through statistical tests, it was found that there was a relationship between age (p value 0.000), there was no relationship for long suffering from diabetes (p value = 0.095), there was no relationship with hypertension (p value = 0.112), there was a relationship with blood glucose control (p value 0.003), there was a relationship diit (p value = 0.049) and there is a relationship between physical activity (p value = 0.000) to the occurrence of PAD.
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